C'est quoi un cancer ?

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C'est quoi un cancer ?

C'est quoi un cancer ?

Première cause de mortalité en France, les cancers se développent à partir de cellules anormales qui se multiplient de manière incontrôlée au détriment de l'organisme. La mutation de certains gènes est à l'origine de leur apparition.

Pourquoi on l'appelle le cancer ?

Le mot cancer tire son origine du mot latin homonyme qui signifie crabe. C'est Hippocrate (460-377 avant J-C) qui, le premier, compare le cancer à un crabe par analogie à l'aspect des tumeurs du sein avec cet animal lorsqu'elles s'étendent à la peau.

Quand le cancer a été découvert ?

Une tumeur invasive a été découverte sur un os d'hominidé vieux de 1,7 millions d'années. Voilà qui tend à démontrer que le cancer n'est pas exclusivement une maladie de l'homme moderne, mais que ses origines sont d'abord génétiques. Eclairages, et débat.

What does the term cancer refer to?

  • The term cancer specifically refers to a new growth which has the ability to invade surrounding tissues, metastasize (spread to other organs) and which may eventually lead to the patient's death if untreated. The terms tumor and cancer are sometimes used interchangeably which can be misleading. A tumor is not necessarily a cancer.

What does it mean to be a cancer?

  • Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells.

What is cancer, origin and meaning?

  • Origin of the word cancer. The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), who is considered the "Father of Medicine." Hippocrates used the terms carcinos and carcinoma to describe non-ulcer forming and ulcer-forming tumors.

What is the difference between cancer and a tumor?

  • Although both tumor and cancer sound similar to each other, they are not. The main difference between tumor and cancer is that tumor can be benign or malignant whereas cancer usually starts with a malignant tumor.

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